Did you know that by age forty, 40% of people feel uncomfortable and unsafe driving at night? According to a May 2014 study by market research firm Toluna and EyePromise, unease with night driving is an issue that disrupts everyday life for many people.
An issue many people face while driving at night includes glare from oncoming headlights. Glare disability makes it harder to see in glare and takes longer for eyes to adjust after glare. Often, there is a period of time before the eyes recover where people are left driving blind. A five second recovery time at 60 miles per hour is driving the length of 450 ft. or 1.5 football fields.
Driving in areas with low light also causes concern for drivers at night. This makes it tougher for your eyes to distinguish contrast and gauge objects as well as accurate distance. For example, driving in low light areas makes it more difficult to identify a pedestrian or pot hole in the road ahead.
Reaction time while driving at night is vital. Fatal choices can be made by not acting quickly. For many, driving in the darknes can decrease a driver’s reaction time and create difficulty in forming safe decisions. In fact, a typical driver makes 20 decisions per mile, with less than half a second to act to avoid a collision, and this only gets more difficult at night according to the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.
These facts are validated, as traffic death rates are three-times greater driving at night than during the day, according to the National Safety Council. In fact, The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration says, “In 2008, older people accounted for 15 percent of all traffic fatalities and 18 percent of all pedestrian fatalities.”
However, with fears of night driving come solutions. Science shows that incorporating a zeaxanthin and lutein supplement into one’s diet can improve contrast while driving at night, reduce glare, improve recovery time, and improve reaction time. Trace amounts of these nutrients can be found in leafy green vegetables as well as eggs, corn and orange and yellow peppers, but the best option is choosing a natural eye vitamin.
Zeaxanthin and lutein can be found in the fovea, located in the center of the macula of the human eye. This is where the body requires a steady supply of the macular pigment, zeaxanthin. Zeaxanthin cannot be produced by the human body and must come from dietary intake.